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Seven Sisiters

of Stalin's Skyscrapers

In the gray days of the Soviet era, workers raised in the spirit of atheism needed the inspiration from time to time. While they had the luxurious pioneer camp Artek in the Crimea, the grand Exhibition of Economic Achievements in Moscow, and the lavishly decorated Moscow Metro to uplift their spirits, the communist paradise on Earth was yet to arrive.

 

After the Second World War, in defiance of all doubters, a grandiose new architectural project was launched. Joseph Stalin, “the father and friend of all Soviet architects”, undertook a colossal construction project designed to convince the Soviet people, and the whole world, of the victorious Soviet power’s increased self-awareness.

 

In 1947 at 1pm on September 7 , during the celebration of Moscow’s 800th anniversary, the first stone of each skyscraper was laid in a special ceremony.

 

We invite you to discover all of the legends and history of these amazing buildings!

You will learn about the destiny of the architects and builders, know about the eighth sister and what happened to this building. You will see the Modern versions of Stalin's skyscrapers constructed in present time. On the tour you will enter to some of the building to be impressed with interiors decorations. 

 

Resembling to each other by appearance, each of the building has a different plan of architecture, size and purpose. Stalin skyscrapers still remain the most mysterious buildings in Moscow and not only from an architectural point of view. They are full of legends and myths.

 

 

NOTES:

 

  • The tour is private, no other people will join you.

  • Our guide and professional driver will pick you up in your hotel (located in the city)

  • We will take you back to your hotel at the end of the tour.

  • The tour duration is 3 hours.

  • During the tour you will visit 2 buildings inside. The others will be observed from outside and you will have 7 stops for 5-7 min for short walks with your tour guide and to take pictures.

  • Price is per tour (not per person), includes  aservice of private guide and professional driver with car/minivan. Actually you will have 2 locals escorting you during the tour. 

  • If you have children, please let us know their age (up to 12 y.o.), we will provide baby seat in the car.

  • Please, put warm clothes, as it is windy on the stops for walking around. 

  • If you like to prolong a tour - every extra hour is 2000 Rubles additionally!

  • If you have more questions, please, visit our FAQ page >>>

 

Price

 

Number of people           Total price in Rubles

 

...............1.......................................9000 

...............2.......................................9000

...............3.......................................9000

...............4......................................10000

...............5......................................10000

...............6......................................10000

...............7......................................12000

...............8......................................12000

...............9......................................12000

..............10.....................................15000

 

If more than 10 people, please, contact us

Itinerary:

Moscow State University

is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia. It was founded on January 25, 1755 by Mikhail Lomonosov. MSU was renamed after Lomonosov in 1940 and was then known as Lomonosov University.  It is rated among the universities with the best reputation in the world. 

 

The main tower, which consumed over 40,000 metric tons of steel, was inaugurated on September 1, 1953. At 787.4 feet or 240 metres tall, it was the tallest building in Europe from its completion until 1990. It is still the tallest educational building in the world. 

Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building

is one of seven Stalinist skyscrapers laid down in September 1947 and completed in 1952, designed by Dmitry Chechulin (then Chief Architect of Moscow) and Andrei Rostkovsky. The main tower has 32 levels (including mechanical floors) and is 176 metres (577 ft) tall. The building also incorporates a 9-story apartment block facing Moskva River, designed by the same architects in 1938 and completed in 1940. Originally build in stern early Stalinist style, with wet stucco wall finishes, it was re-finished in terra cotta panels in line with the main tower and acquired ornate pseudo-Gothic crowns over its 12-story raised corners and center tower.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 is one of seven Stalinist skyscrapers, designed and overseen by V.G.Gelfreih and A.B.Minkus.

The skyscraper has 27 levels and is 172 metres (564 ft) tall. It's covered by a light external stone wall with projecting pilasters and pylons. The interior is decorated with stones and metals. A metal spire tops the tower's roof, assimilating its silhouette with those of the other six Sisters. The skyscraper was laid down in 1948 and completed in 1953. According to the biography of the architect Minkus (published in 1982), draft plans were first drawn up in 1946 and ranged from 9 to 40 stories. In 1947 two designs were proposed: one utilized layered setbacks while the other called for a more streamlined construction which culminated into a blunt rectangular top. In the second and approved design a metal spire, presumably ordered by Joseph Stalin, was hastily added to tower's roof. Currently the building houses the offices for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia.

Kudrinskaya Square Building

Designed by Mikhail Posokhin (Sr.) and Ashot Mndoyants.

The skyscraper has 22 levels in its central part and is 160 metres (520 ft) tall. It is topped by a 30-metre spire which ends with a five-pointed star. Lateral towers are lower than the central one.

The building is located on the end of Krasnaya Presnya street, facing the Sadovoye Koltsoand.

The skyscraper was laid down in 1950 and completed in 1954. It was the last of the Seven Sisters to be completed and is relatively poor in statuary and decorations.

Its apartments were originally intended for the political elite of the former USSR; they are currently inhabited by wealthy and stylish Russians.

Red Gates Administrative Building

Designed by Alexey Dushkin. Its name comes from the Red Gate square.

The main tower has 24 levels and is 133 metres (436 ft) tall. The building also incorporates two 11-story apartment blocks, designed by the same architect. Both the right and the left wing contain around 300 flats.

The skyscraper was laid down in 1947 and completed in 1953. The construction of the tower was complicated by its location near the Moscow Metro tunnels and the Krasnye Vorota station. Dushkin built a second entrance to the station into the ground floor of the tower, which opened on 31 July 1954.

Hilton Moscow Leningradskaya Hotel

with entrance

Originally known simply as the Leningradskaya Hotel, this relatively small (136 meters, 26 floors, of which 19 are usable) building by Leonid Polyakov on Komsomolskaya Square is decorated with pseudo-Russian ornaments mimicking Alexey Shchusev's Kazansky Rail Terminal. Inside, it was inefficiently planned. Khruschev, in his 1955 decree "On liquidation of excesses..." asserted that at least 1000 rooms could be built for the cost of Leningradskaya's 354, that only 22% of the total space was rent-able, and that the costs per bed were 50% higher than in Moskva Hotel. Following this critique, Polyakov was stripped of his 1948 Stalin Prize but retained the other one, for a Moscow Metro station. After a multimillion-dollar renovation ending in 2008, the hotel re-opened as the Hilton Moscow Leningradskaya.

Hilton Moscow Leningradskaya Hotel

with entrance

Built in style of Russian Churches, the interiors impress with luxurious decorations. Welcome to see how beautiful it is with chandeliers, ceiling and walls.

Hotel Ukraina - Radisson Royal Hotel

with entrance

by Arkady Mordvinov and Vyacheslav Oltarzhevsky (leading Soviet expert on steel-framed highrise construction) is the second tallest of the "sisters" (198 meters, 34 levels). It was the tallest hotel in the world from the time of its construction until the Peachtree Plaza Hotel opened in Atlanta, Georgia in 1975.

Construction on the low river bank meant that the builders had to dig well below the water level. This was solved by an ingenious water retention system, using a perimeter of needle pumps driven deep into ground.

The hotel reopened its doors again after a 3-year-renovation on April 28, 2010, now called Radisson Royal Hotel, Moscow, with 505 bedrooms and 38 apartments.

Hotel Ukraina - Radisson Royal Hotel

with entrance

 Currently the hotel is known under the brand name the Radisson Royal Hotel, Moscow and according to the results of a professional contest World Travel Awards held in 2012 it is the World`s Leading Luxury Business Hotel.

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